What a great question! Would your little one ever guess that it is actually the moon causing the tides to change? Tides are caused by the gravitational forces of the moon. You have probably heard the phrases “high tide” and “low tide.” Tides are long waves that move across the entire ocean. High tide happens when the tallest part of the wave reaches the shore and low tide happens when the lowest point of the wave reaches the shore. Most coasts have two high tides and two low tides each day. Whenever the Earth faces the moon, gravity pulls the ocean towards the moon and causes high tide. The tides cycle around the oceans on Earth as Earth spins and different sides face the moon.
We hope you enjoy exploring this fun topic with your curious little learner!